Luggala South Buttress (Creag Fasra)
This is the rock tier below Conifer Terrace. It consists mainly of steep slabs interrupted by short walls and overlaps. The steepest and indeed cleanest climbing is on the left side, mainly between Peregrine and Thriller. On the right is the fine slab area of Pine Tree Buttress but beyond this the slabs become infested with heather and the climbing is poor.
PEREGRINE ** 30m E2 (5c)
A steep route with well protected cranking in the overhanging corner at the top Start 40m down from Terrace Corner, just left of a short corner with a holly tree, below a slanting groove.
Climb the slanting groove leftwards with difficulty to a ledge; alternatively this point can be reached easily by a slab on the left. From the ledge, climb up to another ledge below the headwall marked by quartz streaks. Traverse left around a nose to a steep hanging corner. Climb this (crux) with increasing difficulty to the top.
C. Rice, D. Milnes, (5 aid points), June 1972.
S. Windrim, (first free ascent), 28/8/1977.
A more direct line starting 10m to the left of the normal start, leads up to a steep corner and groove and the final corner. The overall grade remains unchanged.
T. Burke, D. Ó Sullivan, June 1984.
WARRIOR ** 50m HVS (5a,5a/b)
This fine route takes the prominent chimney right of Peregrine. Both strenuous and delicate by turns, it requires a variety of techniques. Start in the short corner with holly trees right of Peregrine.
1. 30m Climb the corner to a ledge and up easy slabs above to the base of an overhanging crack below a chimney. Climb the crack (strenuous) to the base of a steep chimney; up this and at the top step delicately right and move up to the base of a corner groove.
2. 20m Step up into the corner groove, then move left onto a slab and follow a thin crack with difficulty to a hanging block at the overlap above. Gain a good foothold on the slab right of the overlap and continue up the slab to the Terrace.
The original finish to Warrior was made by moving up diagonally left over heather and slabs from the top of the chimney of Pitch 1 to the Terrace. Graded Difficult 15m it is not recommended.
K. Higgs, D. Windrim, 14/9/1975. They added pitch 2 in 1976.
IVANHOE * 65m VS (4c,3c)
A good clean route demanding good rope management in its meandering section. Starts about 30m down to the right from Warrior at a short thin curving crack which leads to a broad grassy ledge.
1. 40m Climb the thin crack to the ledge. Move left up a ramp on the left side of an overhanging wall, with a difficult move passing a blocky bulge. Continue up the ramp for 3m and traverse rightwards across an easy angled slab to the base of another ramp. Move up left to the base of a steep wall. Traverse right across this (crux) and then move up until it is possible to switch back left again to a short groove which leads to a flake belay.
2. 25m Climb the crack above the flakes and step right onto a small ledge. Follow the slabs to the Terrace.
T. Ryan, K. Higgs, 15/9/1979.
POGGED GARLYKIN EYEBALL 65m VS (4c,?,3c)
After a short awkward crux the route offers easy , though interesting, climbing to the top. Start as for Ivanhoe
1. 20m Climb the thin crack as for Ivanhoe to the large ledge. Up slightly right via a short slab to an overhang. Traverse right around a nose (crux) and up to a large heather ledge.
2. 20m Move left up a grassy ramp for 5m to the base of a clean groove and climb this for 7m before traversing left for 5m to a short groove, which is followed to a belay at flakes as for the top of Pitch 1 of Ivanhoe
3. 25m Climb the crack above the flakes and step right onto a small ledge. Follow the slabs to the Terrace as described for Pitch 2 of Ivanhoe
T. Ryan, K. Higgs, 16/4/1977
STEPENWOLF *** 70m E1 (5b,5b,3c)
A high quality route which takes a fairly direct line up the steep slab and wall to the left of the Muskrat Ramble line. The exhilarating second pitch is well protected but the small wires used to protect the hard moves onto the ramp on the first pitch can hardly be relied on.
Start 20m right of Pogged Garlykin Eyeball below a left-trending undercut slab.
1. 25m Pull onto the slab and up this for 4m to a small spike on the right wall. Use this to gain a foot-ledge and then move up slightly left to a difficult bulge which is climbed on small holds to a left-trending ramp. Follow this to a tree belay.
2. 25m Move up a short slab on the left to an obvious groove in the wall. Pull up using a sharp flake crack, step across right and climb the wall to the hanging block. Make delicate balance moves above the block onto the slab (crux) beneath the overhang. Climb the overhang on large flake holds and follow a short groove to a narrow slab on the left. Up this to belay at cracked blocks.
3. 20m Climb the cracked blocks to a heather ledge and then step right to climb the cracked slab to a nut belay at the back of Conifer Terrace.
K. Higgs, S. Windrim, P. Ewen, 16/4/1977
MOUSE MAZE * 25m HVS (5a)
Takes a leftward-trending series of ramps and grooves up to the large overhang beneath the oak tree. Interesting but has become partly overrun by moss and lichen. Protection is reasonable if worked at. One may abseil back from the tree (possible even on a single 45m rope) or continue up via the crux pitches of Stepenwolf or Muskrat Ramble. Start 5m left of Muskrat Ramble near the right edge of a broad sloping ramp.
Step up onto the ramp from the left and move over right to a flake. Climb the bulging ramp up left (awkward) to a horizontal ledge. Move left to the bottom of a steep groove. Climb this with increasing difficulty (No. 1 Flexible Friend in slot) to the top beneath the left side of a large overlap above. Trend up to the left of this overlap until underneath the roof. Move out left on good holds and swing around the corner into the holly tree. Oak tree belay to the right.
J. Lyons, 5/9/1991
MUSKRAT RAMBLE *** 75m HVS (4b,5a,4b)
A fine climb with a demanding, intricate second pitch but somewhat marred by the partly lichenous introductory pitch. Start 12m right of Stepenwolf at the base of a lichenous slab and just left of the overhanging corner of Thriller
1. 27m Climb the slab diagonally left to reach a small spike at 9m (alternatively climb the corner where the slab meets the steep wall on the right); move up and into a short corner and climb the groove above on the right to reach a grassy ledge. Hand traverse horizontally left to an oak tree.
2. 25m Climb the steep corner behind the tree, exiting on good holds. Move up to gain a ledge and climb the steep right-trending ramp, with an awkward move to start. At the top of the ramp move up and slightly left to gain a short groove. Up this past a small holly tree to a stance at a large crevasse.
3. 23m Traverse left below an overlap to a tree and follow the clean slanting groove above to the Terrace. The original finish to this climb took the final pitch of Crevasse Route at VS (4c)
J. McKenzie, D. Blake, 24/8/1975
K. Higgs, T. Ryan, (Added top pitch) 19/9/1979
THRILLER *** 30m E3 (5c)
An excellent route requiring strength. It takes the steep line of flakes and cracks just right of Muskrat Ramble. Climb the cracks, moving left to an overlap. Over this and up to another crack on the right which leads to a jug and a large ledge. Go up to another ledge and then up hollow-sounding flakes from the right of the ledge to gain a grass ledge and tree belay. Abseil off or scramble down to the right.
K. Murphy, L. Mooney, 5/5/1984
ELECTRIC LADYLAND ** 30m E2 (5c)
Start as for Thriller and take the wall to its right. Sports a bold crux.
Climb up the crack for 2m before breaking out rightwards under the bulging wall; go across with difficulty (crux) until a prominent knob on the right side of the rock lip can be reached. Use this and hidden holds over the bulge to get established on the knob and the wall above. Traverse left to gain a line of weakness which is followed directly upwards, before leading to an exit left onto the large ledge of Thriller. Finish up the flakes as for Thriller. Abseil off or escape down right.
D. Ó Sullivan, T. Burke, 22/6/1986
WASP * 12m HVS (5b)
Start 6m right of Electric Ladyland and 3m right of a vegetated corner at a protruding block at the base of a small steep slab.
Gain the top of the block from its right side. Make delicate moves up and diagonally left across the slabby wall to gain a crack-line just opposite the tree clump. Follow this directly to the top, finishing on less positive holds (crux).
J. Lyons, 20/5/1990
CREVASSE ROUTE * 75m VS (3c,3c,4c)
So called because of the large crevasse at the bottom of the fine testing top pitch. The lower pitches are poor and scrappy. The final pitch could well be combined with the first two pitches of Muskrat Ramble
Start a few metres to the right of the rib of rock forming the right-hand edge of the Wasp wall.
1. 30m Climb the slabby rock diagonally left to the rib, which is followed to the broad heather ledge. Move slightly right on the ledge and climb the lichenous slabs bearing left to a tree on a ledge.
2. 13m Follow broken rock and vegetation to a tree on another ledge and a stance a little higher up at the crevasse.
3. 32m Move to the left end of the crevasse and pull strenuously over the well-protected bulge (crux) to gain a small ledge. Move delicately right to gain the base of a slightly vegetated crack on a slab; climb this to reach a fine position on the arête which is followed to the Terrace.
B. Hilton-Jones, A.C. Crichton, P. Crean, J. Lynam, 26/3/1949
F. Winder, B. McCall, B. Healy, 1957 (First lead of Pitch 3, previously top roped only)
PSYCHO 70m VS (4a,4b,4c)
The top pitch is worthwhile, otherwise the climber must battle with everything from lichens to trees. The start is up diagonally rightwards for about 25m from the start of Crevasse Route at the highest point of the bracken covered slope where a lichenous slab adjoins an impending wall on the right.
1. 20m Climb the slab leftwards beneath the wall until a horizontal break on the left is reached. Move left and belay at a tree.
2. 30m Move back right and climb the left edge of the higher slab to the large tree. Continue up the slab below the overlap to belay at the base of a corner (old peg).
3. 20m Climb the corner above for 6m and then move diagonally left across the steep slab which is a little lichenous and not well protected.
S.R. Young, P. Redmond, 31/3/1974
The DIRECT FINISH (4b) can give good climbing all the way up the corner of the final pitch to the Terrace but it needs cleaning.
S.R. Young, 6/4/1974, (graded A1 with 5 aid points)
R. Windrim, K. Higgs, 4/9/1976 (cleaned and free-climbed).
THE REAL THING ** 73m HVS (5a,4b,5a)
This surprisingly good climb takes a line up the lichenous buttress to the right of Psycho. It offers delicate balance climbing in exposed and sometimes bold situations. Start in the corner on the right side of the buttress, below the tree-filled cleft of Intermediate Gully.
1. 25m Climb the corner to the holly tree roots. Traverse left onto the face and gain a diagonal groove with difficulty. Go up left to a large cracked block; move onto the base of this, go slightly left and then up to good holds. Traverse delicately left and pull up onto a grass ledge.
2. 15m Climb the left-trending crack above, continuing diagonally left until it is possible to move directly up a slab to a tree belay.
3. 33m Move up to large dark slabs beneath an overlap; climb these, moving across to the right where a crack gives access to the slab above. Move diagonally left across the slab and over a bulge, before making a delicate and exposed traverse leftwards beneath a short roof. Finish up a groove to the Terrace.
The ORIGINAL FINISH (20m VD) to this climb traversed out right from the dark slabs of Pitch 3 to Intermediate Gully which was then followed to the Terrace.
S.R. Young, J. Mulhall, 7/4/1974
T. Barbour, R. Butler, 20/9/1975 (Direct Finish - 5a)
INTERMEDIATE GULLY 66m VD
This route starts as for The Real Thing and takes the tree-filled and vegetated leftward-slanting gully above the Terrace.
1. 13m Climb the steep chockstone-filled corner past an oak tree to a ledge.
2. 13m Struggle up past trees to the bottom of a steep section in the bed of the gully. Belay at a tree on the left.
3. 40m Climb the steep groove with difficulty and continue either up the bed of the gully or up mossy slabs on the left. Belay at a tree.
A VARIATION START (15m D) avoids Pitches 1 and 2 and gives access to Pitch 3 from the broad vegetated ramp which starts about 40m around the corner to the right and runs diagonally left below Silent Spring. Belay level with the groove start of Pitch 3; move across left and with an awkward step join the pitch.
B. Hilton-Jones, W.R. Perrott, F. Winder, J. Fitzgerald, L. Ó Reagain, J. Lynam, 19/6/1949
OFFSPRING * 25m VS (4c)
A short but worthwhile pitch which could be linked with Silent Spring above it.
Start about 20m to the right of Intermediate Gully around a corner at the front face of a small buttress at the base of a leftward-trending ramp 5m right of holly trees growing in a diagonal crack.
Move up the ramp until it peters out and then climb up to gain the right end of another ramp. Traverse easily across to the base of a wide crack. Climb the crack and exit with difficulty into a groove above. Follow this to a grassy platform. Belay well back.
K. Higgs, S.R. Young, 16/7/1978
PRODIGAL NATURE 25m HVS (5a)
This is a rising traverse which begins to the right of Offspring between two hairline cracks.
Climb up 3-4m to a foot-ledge and then move left via flakes and narrow ramps, keeping left of the arête until the top of the Offspring crack is reached. Finish up this and the arête on the right.
J. Lyons, 21/9/1986
SILENT SPRING * 50m HVS (5a, Diff.)
Follows a line of steep, slightly offset ramps up the left side of a prominent buttress. The lichenous crux ramp will not be to everybody's liking.
Start above the small buttress of Offspring and to the right of the deep gash of Intermediate Gully where there is an area of grassy slabs. The climb starts about halfway up these slabs, below some green rock.
1. 35m Climb up and right to gain the top of a 3m slab. Pull onto a large leftward-trending slab which is climbed mainly on the left to an old protection peg; go steeply left into the base of the main groove and up to a small square-cut overhang. Pass this on the left (crux) to reach a small ledge. Continue up a short corner groove and pull onto a sloping ledge above.
2. 15m Climb steep rock on the right to grassy ledges. Move up these and finish up a scruffy corner on the right.
A. Latham, T. Ryan, 10/4/1976
VARIATION Direct Start E1 (5b). This harder variation takes a steep groove-line, at first on the left, then on the right and back again to gain the ramp above. Finish as for Pitch 1 of Silent Spring (25m)
R. Fenlon, J. Lyons, 22/6/1990
CONSCRIPT * 65m E1 (5b,5b)
The technical difficulties may not be high in the grade but the less than perfect protection makes this a committing climb. Start on a grassy ramp below a small overhang midway between Silent Spring and Volunteers.
1. 30m Step up right onto the slab and then more directly up to take the overhang with difficulty. Continue up the slab, passing a bulge, until it is possible to gain a sloping foot-ledge on the wall below a large flake. Climb the wall with difficulty to gain a grassy ledge on the slab above, just below a short corner. Belay as for Volunteers.
2. 20m Climb the corner to gain the higher slab and move leftwards along its lower edge to the base of a faint crack (as for Volunteers). Traverse diagonally right until a delicate step up can be made to a good handhold. Move up, trending leftwards to an overlap which is followed leftwards to a grassy groove (as for Time Passages)
3. 15m Scramble up to the Terrace.
A. Dawe, P. Hiscock, July 1984
VOLUNTEERS ** 65m E1 (5b,5a)
Good slab climbing throughout but bolder now with the loss of the old peg which has not been replaced. Start about 20m down from the start of Silent Spring near the lower right-hand end of the grassy ramp and directly below a large rather lichenous slab.
1. 30m Move up right, gain the slab and move easily up its left edge to a steep section. Climb the steep delicate slab above (crux) to reach narrow ledges and the site of the missing protection peg above. Make a slightly descending traverse left for 5m to a foot-ledge. Climb the slab above to a good crack and move diagonally left to a small grass ledge below a short corner. Belay as for Conscript
2. 20m Move right and into a steep corner. Climb the corner and pull out right to small ledges. Move back across the top of the corner and follow a left-trending crack (delicate and exposed) to a good ledge. Traverse further left for 4m and climb a juggy arête to two small trees (possible belay). Continue up to a large grassy platform and tree belay.
3. 15m Climb easily up a slab, bearing slightly right. Finish up a vegetated groove (as for Silent Spring)
K. Higgs, S.R. Young, 8/7/1979
TIME PASSAGES 80m E1 (4a,5a,5b)
This demanding climb takes the prominent recessed line of the large dark slab of Volunteers and the steep left flank of Pine Tree Buttress. Protection is sparse on the upper half of Pitch 2 and again on Pitch 3 and there is also the moss and lichen to think about.
1. 20m Climb the corner to a holly tree, continue up and out left to belay at a large downward pointing block. Thread belay.
2. 30m Climb the steep groove above with a hard move to gain a jammed block (possibly unstable) which may be carefully used to gain the chimney above. Up this and then left across the slab for 7m to climb the overlap at its smallest point. Move up and right to a ledge. Continue up a corner groove to a tree in a corner below an overhang.
3. 15m From the tree step down and traverse left onto the slab which is hard to start. Gain the centre of the slab and make a delicate step up onto an overlap. Using undercuts, move left and finish up a grassy groove to a platform and a tree belay.
4. 15m Finish up the last pitch of Silent Spring
K. Higgs, S.R. Young, 1/7/1979
LEFT SIDE CLIMB * 90m VS (3c,4a,4c,3c)
The original start of this climb is from the top of Pitch 2 of Pine Tree Buttress and the first two pitches of the latter are taken to reach it. However, the excellent Direct Start at HVS is much preferable.
1. 30m Climb pitches 1 and 2 of Pine Tree Buttress to the holly tree.
2. 20m From the tree climb the narrow slab below the overhanging side-wall to reach blocks (thread runner). Traverse left across a void, using good flake holds; continue leftwards to a tree belay.
3. 15m Move slightly left and then climb the obvious groove above with a hard move at mid-way, to reach a grassy ledge (spike runner). Continue up 3m to a recess and belay.
4. Finish up pitch 4 of Taktix or pitch 5 of Pine Tree Buttress:
Pine Tree: 25m Move around right to a recess. From the recess climb up diagonally left past a large flake. Move left into a scoop below an overlap. Climb the overlap, using a crack on the right side and exit onto Conifer Terrace about 10m below and to the left of the pine tree.
Taktix: 29m Climb the recess corner for 3m and step right onto slab. Move up 5m on good holds keeping right of vegetation. Make a rising traverse left to bypass overlaps and horizontal cracks above. Finish up slab to Conifer Terrace. Belay well back at boulders beside pine tree. If the last pitch is wet an easier alternative at V. Diff. - Continue traversing left across the scoop below the overhang and climb up to the left of this overhang over vegetated slabs to the Terrace.
Variation: An easier alternative to Pitch 3 takes the crux groove for a few metres but avoids the difficult section above by traversing a slab out right and then moving up and back left to reach grassy ledges and the belay.
P. Kenny, F. Winder, 1956.
S. Rothery, C. McCormack, (Pitch 3 alternative, same day)
LEFT SIDE CLIMB DIRECT ** 82m HVS (5b,4a,4c,3c)
The superb Direct Start makes for an altogether better climb. Start about 15m left of the start of Pine Tree Buttress and just above an old boundary wall at a clean corner crack, undercut at its base.
1. 22m Gain the crack and climb this (crux) to an overlap at 7m. Continue up more easily and then move up left to a small stance before finishing up the groove on the right at a holly tree belay.
Pitches 2, 3 and 4 are as for the original Left Side Climb
A. Latham, R. Dean, 2/4/1976
PINE TREE BUTTRESS *** 87m S (3c,3c,3c,4a,4a)
The longstanding classic Severe of the crag; continuous interest throughout and the long crux pitch is exposed and demanding for the grade. Start to the right of a boundary wall and below a small slab 4m right of a hanging holly tree.
1. 12m Climb the slab and move left to the base of a chimney between a steep slab and a huge detached flake. Pass this awkward section to a ledge and belay.
1a. Alternatively start about 10m left at a vertical scoop on the left side of the buttress. Climb directly into the scoop and follow this to the base of the wide crack on Pitch 2 (4a).
2. 18m Go easily around a corner on the left into a V-scoop and go up this to a wide crack on the left. Climb this crack and another easier angled crack to a holly tree.
3. 9m Step right, up a hanging wall and over a tiny holly tree to gain the crest of the buttress . Scramble up to a flake lying on a ledge.
4. 35m Crux pitch. Climb the subsidiary slab on the left edge of the buttress (exposed and hard to start). After a few metres move right onto the main slab via a flake crack. Continue up the slab to the foot of a wall and go right onto a bulge and climb up to a heather ledge. Scramble 10m up vegetation and easy slabs to find a belay in a recess.
5. 13m From the recess climb up diagonally left past a large flake. Move left into a scoop below an overlap. Climb the overlap, using a crack on the right side and exit onto Conifer Terrace about 10m below and to the left of the pine tree.
If the last pitch is wet an easier alternative at V. Diff. - Continue traversing left across the scoop below the overhang and climb up to the left of this overhang over vegetated slabs to the Terrace.
J. Lynam, P. Crean, 26/3/1949
LONESOME PINE ** 83m E1 (5b/c,5a,4a)
This delicate, exposed and very worthwhile climb takes a direct line up the slabs of Pine Tree Buttress. The first problem-type pitch is avoidable, giving the long fine second pitch a grading of HVS (5a). Start as for Pine Tree Buttress .
1. 28m Climb the slab and then up to the narrow slabby boulder which forms the right side of the Pine Tree Buttress chimney. Climb this boldly near its left side to a sloping ledge and continue up the centre of the slab to broken ground; go up this and a short wall to the base of the slabby buttress above.
2. 50m From the left side of the ledge gain the slab and go straight up (about 2m left of the Taktix crack) to the left-hand side of the first overlap. Surmount this corner and go straight up the higher slab to a heather ledge. Scramble up 10m to a good crack belay.
3. 10m Continue up in the direction of the lone Scots pine, finishing via a steep chimney-line to Conifer Terrace (as for Crean's Crawl).
J. Lyons, J. Ó Reilly, 8/9/1991
TAKTIX ** 92m HS (3c,4b,4a,4a)
A reasonable partner to Pine Tree Buttress if one ignores the disjointed first pitch; it has a testing crux and some nicely exposed climbing on the slabs above.
1. 23m Climb Pitch 1 of Pine Tree Buttress and from its belay continue up a short wide crack on the right to a grassy ledge. Gain a higher vegetated ledge by delicate moves near the left side of a slab.
2. 15m Climb the steep slab above via a thin crack to the large overlap before traversing left to a good ledge and a flake belay which is shared with Pine Tree Buttress.
3. 25m Follow the left edge of the slab to an overlap which is by-passed on the left to gain a narrow slab. This leads to a shallow groove which is followed with increasing difficulty to a recess on grassy ledges.
4. 29m Climb the recess corner for 3m and step right onto slab. Move up 5m on good holds keeping right of vegetation. Make a rising traverse left to bypass overlaps and horizontal cracks above. Finish up slab to Conifer Terrace. Belay well back at boulders beside pine tree. The original finish took pitch 5 of Pine Tree Buttress.
D. Ó Murchú, J. Butler, L. Wootton, 16/4/1972
G. Galligan, J. Duignan, (Pitch 4 added) 11/4/2010
CREAN'S CRAWL 80m S (4a)
A scrappy, partly vegetated line which starts as for Pine Tree Buttress. Mostly V. Diff., but the chimney finish is tricky.
1. 13m As for Pine Tree Buttress.
2. 13m Move up the wide crack on the right and further right over broken ground to a stance below a steep slab with a dirty, grassy crack-line.
3. 16m Climb the slab along the line of the crack which after a few metres becomes very vegetated. Belay on a grassy ledge.
4. 15m Continue up the grassy crack and then over broken ground to a large grass terrace above Pitch 4 of Pine Tree Buttress.
5. 23m Bear slightly right and cross a terrace to climb a steep chimney-line to Conifer Terrace.
P. Crean, J. Lynam, 26/3/1949
THE PERAMBULATION 52m S (4a,3c,4a)
A poor, much vegetated route. Start about 35m to the right of Pine Tree Buttress and 5m down from a slanting, grassy corner/groove which is to the right of a larger, tree-topped corner.
1. 10m Go up a short wall to the left of a grassy groove to a large vegetated ledge.
2. 15m Move slightly left and up a short groove before surmounting a small bulge until a leftward-trending grassy ramp is reached. Spike belay well up on the left.
3. 27m From the spike step onto lichenous slabs and climb directly up these to a large grass ledge, below Conifer Terrace. Finish as for the final pitch of Crean's Crawl.
W.R. Perrott, S. Perrott, 23/10/1949
HEATHER WEAKNESS 120m S (4a)
This scruffy line is a largely heather scramble up the right-hand side of the Pine Tree Buttress slabs. It starts below the left-hand top corner of the steep grass and boulder slope which runs up towards the Main Face.
Follow a series of heathery rakes and gain Conifer Terrace by either the steep chimney of Crean's Crawl or a slightly harder finish up the slab further to the right.
The upper part of Heather Weakness follows an easy line to the top of the cliffs above Conifer Terrace and starts about 30m to the right of the pine tree. Follow the line of least resistance, finishing pleasantly up easy-angled slabs.
J. Lynam, W.R. Perrott, November 1948 (Upper part)
W.J. Carroll, W.R. Perrott, 27/3/1949 (lower part).